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FAQ

Please select a category below:

Washington Real Estate Broker's License FAQ
Washington Real Estate Managing Broker's License FAQ
Washington Real Estate Continuing Education FAQ
California Real Estate Salesperson's License FAQ
California Real Estate Broker's License FAQ
California Real Estate Continuing Education FAQ
General Online Course FAQ


Washington Real Estate Broker's License FAQ

Basic Licensing Requirements

Registering for the Exam

The Examination Itself

If I Pass/Fail?


Basic Licensing Requirements

Question: What are the requirements for a real estate broker's license in Washington?

Answer: You must be at least 18 years old, have a high school diploma or equivalent, have successfully completed two approved prelicense courses (a 60-hour course in Real Estate Fundamentals and a 30-hour course in Real Estate Practices), and pass the state licensing exam.
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Question: I have a salesperson's or broker's license in another state. Do I still have to complete Washington's prelicense education requirements?

Answer: If you are actively licensed in the same capacity or a greater capacity in another jurisdiction, prelicense education will not be required, and you will have to take only the Washington portion of the exam (not the National portion). Send a letter to the Washington Department of Licensing (DOL) requesting a waiver based on your out-of-state license. At the same time, ask the regulatory agency in the other state to send the DOL a license history showing that you have been actively licensed in good standing in that state within the past six months. You won't be allowed to schedule an exam until your waiver has been approved by the DOL, which will take approximately two weeks.
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Question: I took some real estate courses at a college. Will any of these courses count towards the prelicense education requirement?

Answer: The Director of the Department of Licensing may waive the prelicense education requirement if it is determined that an applicant has completed the equivalent educational course work at any institution of higher learning or degree-granting institution. Submit documentation of the equivalent education to the DOL and allow two weeks for approval.
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Question: I took equivalent course work in another state but never obtained my license. Do I still have to completed the prelicense education?

Answer: The DOL may waive the prelicense education requirement if you can document that you have successfully completed an equivalent course (or courses) in another jurisdiction. Submit your documentation to the DOL and obtain approval before attempting to schedule your examination.
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Question: Where do I send my documentation?

Answer:

Real Estate Licensing
Department of Licensing
PO Box 9021
Olympia, WA 98507-9021
(360) 664-6488 (Brokers)
(360) 664-6500 (Managing brokers)

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Registering for the Exam

Question: How do I register for my examination?

Answer: Before you can schedule your state exam, you must register with AMP. To register as a Washington real estate prelicense student, complete the following steps:

  • Go to www.goAMP.com, and click on the "Portals" tab at the top.
  • Click on Washington Student User.
  • Click on New Student Registration.
  • Fill in the required information (Be VERY CAREFUL to fill it in accurately, with the same information that appears on your certificate, and be sure to use the same email address that Rockwell has on file for you. (Call us if you want to use a different email address.) Click the Submit button.

You only need to register with AMP once. Do not create duplicate accounts, even if you receive multiple emails.

When you have finished your required courses (Washington Real Estate Fundamentals and Washington Real Estate Practices), AMP will automatically email you an invitation to register for your licensing examination. Once you receive this email, you will be able to schedule your state exam.

If you have any questions about this process, you can email AMP at info@goamp.com or call them at (800) 345-6559.

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Question: How quickly can I get an exam date?

Answer: Reservations are made according to the test site's capacity and seating availability. AMP testing centers handle license applicants from a number of different fields and sometimes a testing center becomes congested. Two-week delays are not uncommon.
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Question: Where are the tests given?

Answer: AMP's current list of test locations can be found at their website: http://online.goamp.com/CandidateHome/displayTCList.aspx?pExamID=21308

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Question: What is the examination fee?

Answer: The exam fee is $138.25, regardless of whether you're taking the entire examination or just the Washington portion. You must pay the exam fee when you register to take the exam, by credit card, debit card, cashier's check, morney order, or personal check made payable to AMP. Payment by cash is not accepted.

DON'T MISS YOUR EXAM DATE. If you don't appear at the scheduled time and date, fail to change your exam date within the guidelines set by AMP, or if you wish to reschedule more than once, your exam fee will not be refunded.
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Question: What if I have to cancel or change my exam date?

Answer: You may reschedule your examination appointment at no charge once online at www.goamp.com or by calling AMP at (800) 345-6559 at least one business day prior to the scheduled testing session.
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Question: What if it's an emergency and I'm not able to cancel or change within the designated time frame?

Answer: In the event of inclement weather or unforeseen emergencies on the day of an examination, AMP will determine whether circumstances warrant the cancellation, and subsequent rescheduling, of an examination. The examination will usually not be rescheduled if the Assessment Center personnel are able to open the Assessment Center.

You may visit AMP’s website at www.goamp.com prior to the examination to determine if AMP has been advised that any Assessment Centers are closed.

If an examination is canceled at an Assessment Center, all scheduled candidates will receive notification following the examination regarding rescheduling or reapplication procedures.

If power to an Assessment Center is temporarily interrupted during an administration, your examination will be restarted. The responses provided up to the point of interruption will be intact, but for security reasons the questions will be scrambled.
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Question: Does AMP have any special testing arrangements for applicants with disabilities?

Answer: AMP will provide reasonable accommodations for candidates with disabilities. Candidates requesting special accommodations must call AMP at (800) 345-6559 to schedule their examination.

Wheelchair access is available at all testing centers. Candidates must advise AMP at the time of scheduling that wheelchair access is necessary.

Candidates with visual, sensory, physical or learning disabilities that would prevent them from taking the examination under standard conditions may request special accommodations.

Verification of the disability and a statement of the specific type of assistance needed must be made in writing to AMP at least 45 calendar days prior to your desired exam date by completing the Request for Special Examination Accommodations and Documentation of Disability-Related Needs forms included in the Candidate Handbook. AMP will contact you regarding your request for accommodations within 10 business days of receipt.
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Question: I'm hearing-impaired. Can I still communicate with AMP by telephone?

Answer: AMP is equipped with Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf (TDD) to assist deaf and hearing-impaired candidates. TDD calling is available 6:30 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. (Pacific Time) Monday-Friday at (913) 895-4637. This TDD phone option is for individuals equipped with compatible TDD machinery.

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Question: Are there any test center policies?

Answer: The following policies are observed at every AMP test site:

  • If you arrive more than 15 minutes late, after your examination appointment, you will not be admitted to the exam and your exam fee will be forfeited.
  • Calculators are permitted but they cannot have alphabet keys or printing capability, and they may not be programmable. They must be battery or solar powered (battery-powered is the safer option).
  • Cellular phones, cameras, beepers, or any other electronic devices are not permitted during testing, and there is no place for storage of your personal belongings.
  • Dictionaries, books, or reference materials are not permitted in the testing room. Anyone found with these or any other aids such as watch alarms, listening devices, or recording or photographic devices while their test is in progress will not be allowed to complete the exam.
  • You will be provided with one piece of scratch paper to use at a time during the examination, which must be returned to the proctor at the completion of testing, or you will not receive a score report. No documents or notes of any kind may be removed from the examination room.
  • No questions concerning the content of the examination may be asked during the examination.
  • You are not permitted to take personal belongings such as briefcases, large bags, study materials, extra books, or papers into the examination room. Only keys and wallets may be taken into the examination room.
  • You are not permitted to eat, drink, or smoke during the examination.
  • Under no circumstances will you be permitted to spend longer than three and a half hours taking the test.
  • You may leave the room during the exam with permission from the proctor, but you won't be allowed any extra time for the exam.
  • Anyone discovered causing a disturbance of any kind or engaging in any kind of misconduct—giving or receiving help; using notes, books, or other aids; taking part in an act of impersonation; or removing examination materials or notes from the examination room—will be summarily dismissed from the examination, his score will not be reported, and the exam fee will not be refunded.

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The Examination Itself

Question: What should I bring to the exam site?

Answer: You should bring all of the following:

  • Two pieces of signature-bearing I.D., one with a photo
  • Ordinary calculator

During your examination process, you will be required to provide biometric verification of your identity. Biometric identification may include photography, fingerprint scan, or other. Your examination session is also subject to video surveillance. If you do not agree to these conditions, you will not be able to test and will be excused from the Assessment Center. Your examination fee will NOT be refunded.
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Question: What kind of examination will I be taking?

Answer: You will take an electronic test that consists of 140 multiple-choice questions. The test is divided into two sections: 100 of the questions will make up the National portion of the exam; the remaining 30 questions pertain only to Washington. You must score a minimum of 70% on each section.

In addition, the National section and the Washington section of the exam will each include five "pretest" questions. This brings the total number of questions you will answer to 140. However, the pretest questions are included only for analysis by the testing service and do not affect your score. But you won't know which questions are in the pretest group, so you must answer every question to the best of your ability.
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Question: How are the questions structured?

Answer: Each question on the examination is in a four-option, multiple-choice format with only one correct answer. Test scores are based on the number of questions answered correctly, so it is better to answer every question, even if you are guessing.
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Question: What are the subjects tested?

Answer: The following is a brief summary of the topics routinely tested:
National Section:

  • Real property characteristics, definitions, ownership, restrictions, and transfer
    • Definitions, descriptions, and ways to hold title
      • Elements of real and personal property
      • Property description and legal description
      • Estates in real property
      • Forms, rights, interests, and obligations of ownership
    • Land use controls and restrictions
      • Public (e.g., zoning, taxation, police power)
      • Private (e.g., liens, encumbrances, recording and priorities, subdivision/association rules)
    • Transfer/alienation of title to real property
      • Voluntary and involuntary
      • Deeds, warranties, and defects in title
  • Assessing and explaining property valuation and the appraisal process
    • Principles, types, and estimates of property value
    • Influence on property values
    • Approaches to property valuation and investment analysis
  • Contracts, agency relationships with buyers and sellers, and federal requirements
    • Contract elements, types (e.g., valid, enforceable), and terminology
    • Agency employment contracts, listing and buyer agency agreements, and required elements
    • Purchase/sales contracts and contingencies
    • General agency relationships and fiduciary responsibilities
    • Property conditions and disclosures (e.g., property, environmental)
    • Procedures and laws governing real estate activities (e.g., Federal Fair Housing Act, Americans with Disabilities Act, antitrust, marketing controls)
  • Financing the transaction and settlement
    • Financing components
      • Financing instruments (e.g., notes, mortgages, contract for deed, deed of trust)
      • Sources (e.g., primary and secondary mortgage markets, seller financing)
      • Types of loans
      • Financing concepts and terminology
    • Lender requirements and obligations>
    • Settlement procedures
    • Settlement documents (e.g., title review, RESPA)
    • Financing costs, property taxation, proration calculations, and other closing costs
  • Leases, rents and property management
    • Types and elements of leasehold estates, leases, lease clauses, and rental agreements
    • Lessor and lessee rights, responsibilities, and recourse
    • Management contracts and obligations of parties

Washington Supplement:

Both the broker's exam and the managing broker's exam contain questions testing Washington real estate statutes and rules applicable to licensees. In addition, the managing broker's exam contains questions on real estate closing statements.

The exams also have ten pretest questions: five in the General section and five in the Washington section. These pretest questions are distributed randomly throughout the test and they are not identified as pretest questions, so you will have to answer every question. The pretest questions do not affect your score, however.
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Question: How is the exam administered?

Answer: Your examination will be administered on a computer, which eliminates the use of paper and pencil answer sheets. The system records your responses and automatically times the examination.

You are allowed to change your answers, skip questions, and mark questions for later review. Knowledge of computers and typing are absolutely NOT required. You can take a brief tutorial before beginning your exam, but the system is so uncomplicated that you will understand it fully within a few minutes.
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Question: How long will it take to get my exam results?

Answer: Your examination is scored immediately after you complete it. You leave the test center knowing whether you passed or failed.
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Question: How much time do I have to complete the exam?

Answer: You have three and a half hours. (The timer doesn't begin until you have answered your first question.) Typically an applicant will complete the exam somewhere between two and three hours.
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If I Pass/Fail?

Question: When I pass the exam, what's next?

Answer: When you pass the examination, your examination report will include information on how to apply for a license. The passing score report you receive from AMP has two parts. One is the notification of your results. The other is the final application for a license. You must complete the application and return it along with the proper fees to the Department of Licensing (DOL).

The part of the score report you are instructed to retain is an interim license valid for a period of up to forty-five (45) days after the postmark date or date of hand delivery of the application and fees to the DOL.
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Question: What if I'm not ready to activate my license right away?

Answer: You can pay the fee and activate your license under a real estate brokerage, or you can pay the fee and place your license on an inactive status without associating with a brokerage. As long as you pay the license renewal fee (every two years) your license can remain inactive indefinitely.
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Question: How long are my exam results valid?

Answer: You have 12 months to pay the fee and obtain your license.
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Question: What if I fail the exam?

Answer: The exam is divided into two parts: the National section and the State Law section. You must pass both sections with minimum scores of 70% to be eligible for a license. If you pass one part, but not the other, you will be required to retake only the failed segment, provided you retake and pass that segment within six (6) months of initial failure. After that you will have to take the entire exam to be eligible for a license.
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Question: Is there a limit to the number of times a person can take the examination?

Answer: For all intents and purposes the answer is no. An individual can continue retaking the exam until a passing score is received. (You must pay the normal exam fee each time you take the exam.)
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Question: If I fail, how soon can I retake the examination?

Answer: You must wait twenty-four (24) hours before rescheduling an examination and the earliest possible exam date would be one business day after that.
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Washington Real Estate Managing Broker's License FAQ

Registering for the Exam

The Examination Itself

If I Pass/Fail?

Washington Managing Broker's Licensing Requirements

Question: What are the requirements for a real estate managing broker's license in Washington?

Answer:

  • You must have a minimum of three (3) years of actual experience as a full-time real estate broker in Washington or in any other state with comparable requirements; this experience must have been acquired within five (5) years of applying for the managing broker's license examination.
  • You must also have received at least ninety (90) clockhours of instruction in real estate, including:
    • 30 hours in brokerage management,
    • 30 hours in business management, and
    • 30 hours in advanced real estate law.
  • Each of the three courses must be at least thirty (30) hours in duration (not an accumulation of courses totaling 30 hours) and include a comprehensive final exam, which you must pass. These courses must be in addition to any courses used to satisfy continuing education requirements in the past, and they must have been completed with three (3) years prior to applying for the examination.
  • You must have a high school diploma or its equivalent. (Of course, a college diploma is sufficient.)

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Question: I don't have three years of real estate sales experience but I have experience in a field allied to real estate. Will this count?

Answer: If you lack three years' full-time experience in real estate sales, you may be allowed to take the managing broker's exam if the Director of the Department of Licensing (DOL) determines that you have other education or experience that is a satisfactory substitute. Examples of experience that may qualify include:

  • post-secondary education with an emphasis on real estate studies, together with one year of experience as a real estate broker;
  • at least one year of experience as an attorney, specializing in real estate transactions;
  • five years' experience in closing real estate transactions for escrow companies or mortgage companies;
  • five years' experience as an officer of a commercial bank, savings and loan association, title company or mortgage company, involving all phases of a real estate transaction;
  • five years' experience as a real estate appraiser;
  • five years' experience in all phases of land development, construction, financing, selling and leasing residences, apartment or commercial buildings; or
  • five years' experience in real estate investment, property management, or investment analysis.

Keep in mind, only the experience requirement is waived; the ninety (90) clockhour requirement still applies.
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Question: How do I apply for a waiver?

Answer: Submit a letter to the address below that includes your request for a waiver and the reasons why you believe you should be granted such a waiver. Include any documentation that supports your position. Along with your letter submit letters from five (5) associates who live in Washington and who can attest to your qualifications.

The DOL will review your request and notify you—usually within a couple of weeks—as to whether you will be granted the one-time waiver. If you have any questions about the content of your letter or any support letters, call the DOL at (360) 664-6500.
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Question: Where do I send my request for a waiver?

Answer:

Real Estate Licensing
Department of Licensing
PO Box 9021
Olympia, WA 98507-9021

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Question: I have a managing broker's license in another state. Do I still have to take the entire exam?

Answer: No. If you have an active license in another state, or your license has been active within the past six months, you will be required to take only the Washington portion of the examination. This section deals with the specific real estate laws, rules and regulations of Washington and is known as the Washington supplement. You will need to contact the state in which you are licensed and request a license history be sent to:

Real Estate Licensing
Department of Licensing
PO Box 9021
Olympia, WA 98507-9021

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Question: I have taken clockhours in another state. Can they be used to satisfy the managing brokers' education requirements?

Answer: Possibly. Submit a completed Candidate Examination Document (You can get one from the Rockwell Institute) with supporting documents, including evidence satisfactory to the Department of Licensing (DOL) of having successfully completed any and all approved clockhour courses for licensure, to the following address:

Real Estate Licensing
Department of Licensing
PO Box 9021
Olympia, WA 98507-9021

After the qualifications for the examination have been verified by the DOL, you will be notified as to whether the hours are acceptable.
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Question: I took a business management course in college. Do I need to take it again?

Answer: The Director of the Department of Licensing may waive all or any part of the 90 clockhour requirement if she determines you have completed the equivalent educational course work in any institution of higher learning or degree granting institution. Make your inquiry to:

Real Estate Licensing
Department of Licensing
PO Box 9021
Olympia, WA 98507-9021

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Question: My broker's license renewal is due just after I take my managing broker's exam. Do I have to pay the renewal fee plus the managing broker's license fee?

Answer: No. Your managing broker's license is going to replace your broker's license, so the broker's license doesn't have to be renewed. You won't have to take another renewal course until your first managing broker's license renewal, which will occur two years after it was issued.

If you're thinking about taking the managing broker's exam, it might be worth it to time the entire process to coincide with your broker's license renewal. If you can activate your managing broker's license before the renewal deadline you avoid having to take a renewal course. You save the cost of the course and the thirty hours you would otherwise spend in a classroom.

On the other hand, if your broker's license renewal date will occur before you take the managing broker's exam, failure to renew means you're unlicensed until you pass the exam and activate your managing broker's license. If it means being unlicensed for any length of time, you should probably plan on renewing.
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Registering for the Exam

Question: How do I register for my examination?

Answer: Before you can schedule your state exam, you MUST:

  1. Create a new account in the AMP student portal. It's best to do this before starting your courses! (http://www.goamp.com/portals/)
    • You need ONE Managing Broker student account with AMP.
    • If you already created one, you don't need to do this again.
    • This account is different than the pre-license account (Fundamentals) you may have created before.
  2. Complete your required Managing Broker's License courses.
  3. Submit each course for approval.
    • Click the SUBMIT button in each course interface or on the main menu.

AMP will approve your completion once all required courses have been certified and once they've verified your required experience with the DOL. This can take a few days. You will then receive an eligibility confirmation email from AMP. Follow the instructions in the email carefully in order to schedule your state exam. For further guidance, please see AMP's Student Reference Guide.
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Question: How quickly can I get an exam date?

Answer: Reservations are made according to the test site's capacity and seating availability. AMP testing centers handle license applicants from a number of different fields and sometimes a testing center becomes congested. Two-week delays are not uncommon.
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Question: Where are the tests given?

Answer: AMP's current list of test locations can be found at their website: http://online.goamp.com/CandidateHome/displayTCList.aspx?pExamID=21308

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Question: What is the examination fee?

Answer: The exam fee is $138.25, regardless of whether you're taking the entire examination or just the Washington portion. You must pay the exam fee when you register to take the exam, by credit card, debit card, cashier's check, morney order, or personal check made payable to AMP. Payment by cash is not accepted.

DON'T MISS YOUR EXAM DATE. If you don't appear at the scheduled time and date, fail to change your exam date within the guidelines set by AMP, or if you wish to reschedule more than once, your exam fee will not be refunded.
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Question: What if I have to cancel or change my exam date?

Answer: You may reschedule your examination appointment at no charge once online at www.goamp.com or by calling AMP at (800) 345-6559 at least one business day prior to the scheduled testing session.
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Question: What if it's an emergency and I'm not able to cancel or change within the designated time frame?

Answer: In the event of inclement weather or unforeseen emergencies on the day of an examination, AMP will determine whether circumstances warrant the cancellation, and subsequent rescheduling, of an examination. The examination will usually not be rescheduled if the Assessment Center personnel are able to open the Assessment Center.

You may visit AMP’s website at www.goamp.com prior to the examination to determine if AMP has been advised that any Assessment Centers are closed.

If an examination is canceled at an Assessment Center, all scheduled candidates will receive notification following the examination regarding rescheduling or reapplication procedures.

If power to an Assessment Center is temporarily interrupted during an administration, your examination will be restarted. The responses provided up to the point of interruption will be intact, but for security reasons the questions will be scrambled.
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Question: Does AMP have any special testing arrangements for applicants with disabilities?

Answer: AMP will provide reasonable accommodations for candidates with disabilities. Candidates requesting special accommodations must call AMP at (800) 345-6559 to schedule their examination.

Wheelchair access is available at all testing centers. Candidates must advise AMP at the time of scheduling that wheelchair access is necessary.

Candidates with visual, sensory, physical or learning disabilities that would prevent them from taking the examination under standard conditions may request special accommodations.

Verification of the disability and a statement of the specific type of assistance needed must be made in writing to AMP at least 45 calendar days prior to your desired exam date by completing the Request for Special Examination Accommodations and Documentation of Disability-Related Needs forms included in the Candidate Handbook. AMP will contact you regarding your request for accommodations within 10 business days of receipt.
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Question: I'm hearing-impaired. Can I still communicate with AMP by telephone?

Answer: AMP is equipped with Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf (TDD) to assist deaf and hearing-impaired candidates. TDD calling is available 6:30 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. (Pacific Time) Monday-Friday at (913) 895-4637. This TDD phone option is for individuals equipped with compatible TDD machinery.

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Question: Are there any test center policies?

Answer: The following policies are observed at every AMP test site:

  • If you arrive more than 15 minutes late, after your examination appointment, you will not be admitted to the exam and your exam fee will be forfeited.
  • Calculators are permitted but they cannot have alphabet keys or printing capability, and they may not be programmable. They must be battery or solar powered (battery-powered is the safer option).
  • Cellular phones, cameras, beepers, or any other electronic devices are not permitted during testing, and there is no place for storage of your personal belongings.
  • Dictionaries, books, or reference materials are not permitted in the testing room. Anyone found with these or any other aids such as watch alarms, listening devices, or recording or photographic devices while their test is in progress will not be allowed to complete the exam.
  • You will be provided with one piece of scratch paper to use at a time during the examination, which must be returned to the proctor at the completion of testing, or you will not receive a score report. No documents or notes of any kind may be removed from the examination room.
  • No questions concerning the content of the examination may be asked during the examination.
  • You are not permitted to take personal belongings such as briefcases, large bags, study materials, extra books, or papers into the examination room. Only keys and wallets may be taken into the examination room.
  • You are not permitted to eat, drink, or smoke during the examination.
  • Under no circumstances will you be permitted to spend longer than three and a half hours taking the test.
  • You may leave the room during the exam with permission from the proctor, but you won't be allowed any extra time for the exam.
  • Anyone discovered causing a disturbance of any kind or engaging in any kind of misconduct—giving or receiving help; using notes, books, or other aids; taking part in an act of impersonation; or removing examination materials or notes from the examination room—will be summarily dismissed from the examination, his score will not be reported, and the exam fee will not be refunded.

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The Examination Itself

Question: What should I bring to the exam site?

Answer: You should bring all of the following:

  • Two pieces of signature-bearing I.D., one with a photo
  • Ordinary calculator

During your examination process, you will be required to provide biometric verification of your identity. Biometric identification may include photography, fingerprint scan, or other. Your examination session is also subject to video surveillance. If you do not agree to these conditions, you will not be able to test and will be excused from the Assessment Center. Your examination fee will NOT be refunded.
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Question: What kind of examination will I be taking?

Answer: The test is divided into two sections: the National portion consists of 10 simulation problems. Nine of these problems count towards your score. The other question is not scored; it is a "pre-test" question that may appear on future examinations. The State portion consists of 5 simulation problems. Four of these problems count towards your score. The other question is not scored; it is a "pre-test" question that may appear on future examinations. You must score a minimum of 75% on each section.
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Question: How are the questions structured?

Answer: Each simulation problem has three components: Scenario, Information Gathering, and Decision Making.

  • Each problem begins with a Scenario. The Scenario provides the setting and introductory client information.
  • The Information Gathering sections require you to gather all relevant information for answering the question. You are given several responses to choose from. You should read all responses before selecting the ones you consider necessary.
  • Decision Making sections require you to make judgments or decisions. These sections may be formatted in one of two ways: 1) Single Best Option - There may be more than one acceptable option, but one option is generally regarded most acceptable. 2) Multiple Options - Several options are considered appropriate.

In both the Information Gathering and Decision Making sections, if you select answer options that are not appropriate (or fail to choose options that are appropriate), this will negatively impact your score. Note: you are NOT allowed to change your answers, so you must read each option carefully before making your selection.
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Question: What are the subjects tested?

Answer: The following is a brief summary of the topics routinely tested:
National Section:

  • Real property characteristics, definitions, ownership, restrictions, and transfer
    • Definitions, descriptions, and ways to hold title
      • Elements of real and personal property
      • Property description and legal description
      • Estates in real property
      • Forms, rights, interests, and obligations of ownership
    • Land use controls and restrictions
      • Public (e.g., zoning, taxation, police power)
      • Private (e.g., liens, encumbrances, recording and priorities, subdivision/association rules)
    • Transfer/alienation of title to real property
      • Voluntary and involuntary
      • Deeds, warranties, and defects in title
  • Assessing and explaining property valuation and the appraisal process
    • Principles, types, and estimates of property value
    • Influence on property values
    • Approaches to property valuation and investment analysis
  • Contracts, agency relationships with buyers and sellers, and federal requirements
    • Contract elements, types (e.g., valid, enforceable), and terminology
    • Agency employment contracts, listing and buyer agency agreements, and required elements
    • Purchase/sales contracts and contingencies
    • General agency relationships and fiduciary responsibilities
    • Property conditions and disclosures (e.g., property, environmental)
    • Procedures and laws governing real estate activities (e.g., Federal Fair Housing Act, Americans with Disabilities Act, antitrust, marketing controls)
  • Financing the transaction and settlement
    • Financing components
      • Financing instruments (e.g., notes, mortgages, contract for deed, deed of trust)
      • Sources (e.g., primary and secondary mortgage markets, seller financing)
      • Types of loans
      • Financing concepts and terminology
    • Lender requirements and obligations>
    • Settlement procedures
    • Settlement documents (e.g., title review, RESPA)
    • Financing costs, property taxation, proration calculations, and other closing costs
  • Leases, rents and property management
    • Types and elements of leasehold estates, leases, lease clauses, and rental agreements
    • Lessor and lessee rights, responsibilities, and recourse
    • Management contracts and obligations of parties

Washington Supplement:

Both the broker's exam and the managing broker's exam contain questions testing Washington real estate statutes and rules applicable to licensees.
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Question: How is the exam administered?

Answer: Your examination will be administered on a computer, which eliminates the use of paper and pencil answer sheets. The system records your responses and automatically times the examination. Knowledge of computers and typing are absolutely NOT required.

You are NOT allowed to change your answers or skip questions and return to them later. Therefore, be very careful to review all the options before making your selection(s).
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Question: How long will it take to get my exam results?

Answer: Your examination is scored immediately after you complete it. You leave the test center knowing whether you passed or failed.
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Question: How much time do I have to complete the exam?

Answer: You have three and a half hours. (The timer doesn't begin until you have answered your first question.) Typically an applicant will complete the exam somewhere between two and three hours.
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If I Pass/Fail?

Question: When I pass the exam, what's next?

Answer: When you pass the examination, your examination report will include information on how to apply for a license. The passing score report you receive from AMP has two parts. One is the notification of your results. The other is the final application for a license. You must complete the application and return it along with the proper fees to the Department of Licensing (DOL).

The part of the score report you are instructed to retain is an interim license valid for a period of up to forty-five (45) days after the postmark date or date of hand delivery of the application and fees to the DOL.
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Question: What if I'm not ready to activate my license right away?

Answer: You can pay the fee and activate your license under a real estate brokerage, or you can pay the fee and place your license on an inactive status without associating with a brokerage. As long as you pay the license renewal fee (every two years) your license can remain inactive indefinitely.
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Question: How long are my exam results valid?

Answer: You have 12 months to pay the fee and obtain your license.
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Question: What if I fail the exam?

Answer: The exam is divided into two parts: the National section and the State Law section. You must pass both sections with minimum scores of 70% to be eligible for a license. If you pass one part, but not the other, you will be required to retake only the failed segment, provided you retake and pass that segment within six (6) months of initial failure. After that you will have to take the entire exam to be eligible for a license.
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Question: Is there a limit to the number of times a person can take the examination?

Answer: For all intents and purposes the answer is no. An individual can continue retaking the exam until a passing score is received. (You must pay the normal exam fee each time you take the exam.)
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Question: If I fail, how soon can I retake the examination?

Answer: You must wait twenty-four (24) hours before rescheduling an examination and the earliest possible exam date would be one business day after that.
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Washington Real Estate Continuing Education FAQ


Question: When do I have to renew my license?

Answer: Your real estate license expires every two years (on the anniversary of the dates of issuance), at which time you must apply for renewal and pay a renewal fee. If the renewal application is late, you must pay a late fee.
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Question: When do corporation and partnership licenses have to be renewed?

Answer: Licenses issued to corporations and partnerships must be renewed every two years. The renewal date is the calendar date on which the license was issued.
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Question: What are the requirements for license renewal?

Answer:

  • If you have NEVER renewed your license before, you must complete: a 30-hour Advanced Real Estate Practices course, a 30-hour Real Estate Law course, and 30 hours of other approved real estate courses, including the three-hour Core Curriculum course.
  • If you are renewing your license for the second (and each subsequent) time, you must complete: 30 hours of approved real estate courses, including the three-hour Core Curriculum course.
  • You can only use a course to fulfill the renewal requirement if you began the course: (1) after issuance of your initial license; and (2) within 36 months of your renewal date.

If you have taken more than 30 hours during a renewal period, up to fifteen hours of any excess can be carried forward to the next two-year renewal period.
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Question: Am I required to take 30 hours while my license is on inactive status?

Answer: No. However, if your license is inactive for more than three consecutive years you will be required to complete a 30-hour course before being allowed to activate the license.

NOTE: This license activation course is an elective, but it must be a 30-hour course, not an accumulation of shorter courses.
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Question: How long can my license remain inactive?

Answer: Indefinitely, as long as you continue to pay your required renewal fees.
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Question: My license was supposed to be renewed ten months ago but I didn't do it. Is it too late to renew the license?

Answer: No. You can renew by simply paying the renewal and late fees up to twelve months after expiration. After twelve months the license is canceled.
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Question: My license wasn't renewed within twelve months of expiration. Does this mean I have to take the license exam again?

Answer: Not necessarily. A license can be reinstated within two years after cancellation if you do all of the following:

  • Successfully complete 60 hours of approved real estate courses (including a 30-hour real estate law course) within one year before applying for reinstatement;
  • pay all back renewal fees, plus penalties; and
  • pay a reinstatement penalty.

Alternatively, you could just take the state examination again. Unless more than three years have elapsed since you took your real estate fundamentals course—in which case you would have to complete it again to be eligible for the exam—it might be easier and more cost-effective to take our exam review course (the Cram course) and sit for the examination.
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Question: What do I send the Department of Licensing in order to renew my license?

Answer: A completed verification form and your renewal fee. Below is a sample verification form. You can get a course verification form from your broker.

Washington Continuing Education post license course verification form

Click here for a PDF version of this form (from the Department of Licensing website) that you can print out.

The Department of Licensing can also help you through the renewal process on their website.
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Question: How much is the fee for my license renewal?

Answer: Broker - $146.25, Managing Broker - $210
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California Real Estate Salesperson's License FAQ

Have questions about California real estate salesperson's license requirements? Check our list of frequently asked questions (FAQ):

Basic Licensing Requirements

Registering for the State Exam

The Examination Itself

What Next?


Basic Licensing Requirements

Question: What are the requirements for a salesperson's license in California?

Answer: You must be at least 18 years old, you must successfully complete three 3-semester-unit or 4-quarter-unit courses in Real Estate Principles, Real Estate Practice, and an approved elective, and you must pass the California real estate salesperson's license exam. You must be honest and truthful; if you have previously committed a felony or other crime of moral turpitude, your license application may be denied. You also need to provide proof of legal presence in the United States, either as a citizen or as a resident alien.

You do not need to have a high school diploma or its equivalent, or any employment experience, to qualify. Residency in California also is not a requirement.
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Question: I took real estate courses at a community college or other institution of higher learning. Do I still have to take Real Estate Principles, Real Estate Practice and the elective?

Answer: If you took courses equivalent to Real Estate Principles, Real Estate Practice, and the approved elective, you don't have to take the courses again. When you apply to take the license exam, you should submit an official transcript that shows you passed the classes, along with an official course or catalog description.


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Question: I have a salesperson's license in another state. Do I still have to take the three licensing courses?

Answer: Yes, you do. California has no reciprocity arrangement with any other state that would allow a person to waive any of the requirements for obtaining a license.

However, you may register for the California salesperson's examination without taking the courses, if you can provide proof that you completed equivalent courses at an out-of-state institution of higher learning that is properly accredited. (Courses taken at an out-of-state private vocational school won't satisfy this requirement.)

When you apply to take the license exam, you should submit an official transcript that shows you passed the classes, along with official course or catalog descriptions.
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Question: I thought only one course was required for a salesperson's license?

Answer: Anyone applying for a license after October 1, 2007 must also complete, in addition to Real Estate Principles, two three semester-unit or four quarter-unit courses. One of these two additional courses must be Real Estate Practice. For the other additional course, you must select one of the following:

  • Real Estate Appraisal
  • Property Management
  • Real Estate Finance
  • Real Estate Economics
  • Legal Aspects of Real Estate
  • Real Estate Office Administration
  • General Accounting
  • Business Law
  • Escrow
  • Mortgage Loan Brokering and Lending
  • Computer Applications in Real Estate
  • Common Interest Developments

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Question: Don't I need to be fingerprinted?

Answer: Yes. To be issued a real estate license, you must submit your fingerprints to the Bureau of Real Estate. You may have your fingerprints taken and submit them to the CalBRE as soon as you apply to take the real estate exam—it isn't necessary to wait until you've passed the exam.

Click here for information about getting fingerprinted and submitting your fingerprints to the CalBRE.
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Registering for the State Exam

Question: How do I register for the salesperson's exam?

Answer: To register for the salesperson's exam, you need to prove you have completed Real Estate Principles, Real Estate Practice, and the other required elective course using transcripts or course completion certificates.

You may register by mail or by fax.

You'll need to submit the following:

  • transcripts or course certificates for the three required courses;
  • the examination fee; and
  • if paying by credit card or debit card, CalBRE form RE 298.
  • The examination fee can be paid by credit card or debit card, or with a check, cashier's check, or money order made payable to the Bureau of Real Estate.

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Question: Where do I send my application?

Answer: To register by mail, send the required forms and payment to:

Bureau of Real Estate Examination Section P.O. Box 137001 Sacramento, CA 95818-7001

To register by fax, send the required forms and payment to (916) 227-0925.

The CalBRE cautions that applicants should make sure they do not submit their application more than once. Duplication could delay the application process, and you could be charged twice (with no refund).
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Question: Can I pay the examination fee by credit card? Debit card? Check?

Answer: You may pay by credit card or debit card as long as you include CalBRE form RE 298 with your application. If you're registering by mail, you also have the option of paying by check, cashier's check, or money order, made payable to the Bureau of Real Estate.
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Question: When and where are the examinations given?

Answer: The examination sites are in the following cities:

  • Fresno
  • Los Angeles
  • Oakland
  • Sacramento
  • San Diego

You can check the availability of particular dates and times at the different exam sites on the CalBRE's website (www.dre.ca.gov). When you register, you may specify the site you prefer and the earliest date you can take the exam, and the CalBRE will assign you a date and location. Alternatively, once you are qualified to take the exam, you may choose your date and location using the eLicensing system on the CalBRE website.
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Question: When do I find out my examination date?

Answer: Once you have been qualified to take the exam, the CalBRE will notify you by mail. If you opted to schedule your exam date and location yourself, you may do so using the eLicensing system on the CalBRE website (www.dre.ca.gov).

Alternatively, if you specified a preferred date and location in your exam application, the CalBRE notice will also contain your exam date and time and the address of your exam site.

If you have not received this notice within six weeks after mailing or faxing your application, you can go to the CalBRE website and use the eLicensing system to find out your exam date. If your exam has not been scheduled, call the CalBRE Examination Section at (916) 227-0900.
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Question: What if I can't take the exam on the date that is assigned?

Answer: If the assigned date is unsuitable, you may apply for another exam date either online (using the eLicensing system at www.dre.ca.gov) or by completing and returning the reschedule request form that will be sent to you with the notice of your examination date. A rescheduling fee will apply. Any subsequent reschedulings will require a fee as well.

As mentioned above, you can access a calendar of upcoming scheduled examination dates at the Bureau of Real Estate's website, www.dre.ca.gov. However, because slots are filled on a rolling basis, you aren't guaranteed to get the particular date that you request.
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Question: What if an emergency occurs and I'm not able to request a reschedule in time?

Answer: The same procedure applies. If you do not take the examination on the date scheduled, you may still return the reschedule form (or reschedule online using the eLicensing system) and pay the reschedule fee in order to receive a new examination date.
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The Examination Itself

Question: What should I bring to the exam site?

Answer: You will need to bring:

  • the notice of your exam date and location that you receive in the mail, and
  • a signature-bearing photo I.D. (for example, a driver's license or passport).

In addition, you should bring a calculator. You may use a scientific or financial calculator, but you may not use a calculator that makes any noise, is programmable, or has a print capacity or an alphabetic keypad. You may not use a PDA.

If you bring a cell phone to the examination, it must be turned off and placed out of sight once you enter the exam room. You may not use a cell phone during the exam, and your examination may be terminated if your cell phone rings during the exam. Do not bring books, notes, or other study materials to the exam; you won't be allowed to consult them during the exam. Also, backpacks, briefcases, and suitcases are not allowed in the exam room.
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Question: How will the exam be administered?

Answer: The exam is given in a four-option multiple-choice format. Exams conducted in Los Angeles, Sacramento, and San Diego are currently offered in pencil and paper format; exams conducted in Fresno and Oakland are currently offered in an electronic format. (Exam formats may be subject to change.)

Points are not deducted for answering incorrectly, so it is best to answer every question, even if your answer is a complete guess.
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Question: How many questions are on the exam? What percentage do I have to get right?

Answer: There are 150 questions on the exam. A salesperson candidate has to score 70% on the exam to pass. This means that you must answer at least 105 questions correctly.
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Question: How long do I have to take the exam?

Answer: The exam is given in a single 3¼-hour session.
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Question: What subjects are tested on the exam?

Answer: Here is a summary of the subjects tested on the exam, and the approximate percentage of the exam that they comprise:

  • Property Ownership and Land Use Controls and Regulations (18% of exam) (Estates in land, encumbrances, and public restrictions on land)
  • Laws of Agency (12% of exam) (Creation and termination of agency, agent responsibilities, disclosure)
  • Valuation and Market Analysis (12% of exam) (Methods of appraising property, factors that affect value)
  • Financing Real Estate (13% of exam) (Mortgage instruments, types of loans, sources of financing)
  • Transfer of Property (9% of exam) (Methods of alienation, title insurance, escrow)
  • Real Estate Practice and Mandated Disclosure (24% of exam) (State laws and regulations, civil rights laws, transfer disclosure statement)
  • Contracts (12% of exam) (Contract law, listing agreements, purchase contracts, leases)

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Question: Are there a lot of math problems on the exam?

Answer: No. On most exams, you can expect to see five to seven math questions. You can miss every math question and still easily pass the exam, so long as you have mastered the definitions and legal concepts associated with real estate.

If you've had trouble with the math questions while preparing for the exam, when you take the exam it may be advisable to skip over the math questions and then return to them after you've finished the rest of the questions. (But don't forget to come back to them!) Don't spend too much of your time and energy on the math questions, since they are such a small portion of the exam.
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Question: How long will it take to get my examination results?

Answer: If you take a pencil and paper exam, the results will be mailed to you within five business days after the examination. Exam results are also available through the Bureau of Real Estate website, www.dre.ca.gov, often within three business days. Or you can get your results by calling the CalBRE's automated system at (916) 227-0899, but the CalBRE asks that you wait at least five business days before calling.

If you take an electronic exam, the results are provided to you upon completion of the exam.

If you pass the exam, you will not receive your actual score, only a notification that you have passed. You will also receive the necessary forms to apply for your salesperson's license.

If you fail the exam, you will be notified of the actual score. You will also be notified of the percentage of questions answered correctly in each of the subject areas.
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What Next?

Question: What happens after I pass the exam?

Answer: The CalBRE will send you the paperwork necessary to complete your license application.
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Question: How long are my exam results valid?

Answer: You have one year after the date of your exam to submit the license application, the fee, and the other required documents, or you'll have to take the exam again.
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Question: Do I have to arrange for employment with a broker before I can apply for my license?

Answer: No. You may apply for and receive a license without being affiliated with a broker. However, you will not be able to engage in any real estate activities. A salesperson must be affiliated with a broker in order to provide real estate services to the public.
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Question: What happens if I fail the exam?

Answer: If you're notified that you failed the exam, you may apply for re-examination. Use your Examination Result Notice or the online eLicensing system at the CalBRE website to apply for a new exam date. (You cannot apply for re-examination until after you've been notified that you failed.) Keep in mind that depending on available exam dates for your location, it could be a few weeks or months before you can take the exam again.

You will have to pay a new examination fee of $60 to take the exam again.
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Question: How many times may I retake the exam, if necessary?

Answer: In the first two years after you apply to take the exam, you may retake it an unlimited number of times if you fail. After two years, you'll need to submit a new application to take the exam; at that point, you will again be able to take it an unlimited number of times.
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Where to Turn for Additional Information

More information is available at the Bureau of Real Estate's website, www.dre.ca.gov. You can also call (916) 227-0931 for more information.
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California Real Estate Broker's License FAQ

Have questions about California real estate broker's license requirements? Check our list of frequently asked questions (FAQ):

Basic Licensing Requirements

Registering for the State Exam

The Examination Itself

What Next?


Basic Licensing Requirements

Question: What are the requirements for a broker's license in California?

Answer: You must be at least 18 years old, have at least two years of experience within the last five years as a full-time real estate licensee, and you must successfully complete eight 3-semester-unit or 4-quarter-unit real estate courses, including:

  • These five required courses:
    • Real Estate Practice
    • Real Estate Appraisal
    • Legal Aspects of Real Estate
    • Real Estate Financing
    • either Real Estate Economics or Accounting
  • Plus three courses chosen from this list:
    • Advanced Legal Aspects of Real Estate
    • Advanced Appraisal
    • Advanced Financing
    • Real Estate Principles
    • Property Management
    • Escrow
    • Business Law
    • Real Estate Office Administration
    • Mortgage Loan Brokering and Lending
    • Common Interest Developments
    • Computer Applications in Real Estate

You must pass the California real estate salesperson's license exam. You must be honest and truthful; if you have previously committed a felony or other crime of moral turpitude, your license application may be denied. You also need to provide proof of legal presence in the United States, either as a citizen or as a resident alien.

You do not need to have a high school diploma or its equivalent to qualify. Residency in California also is not a requirement.
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Question: I have a broker's license in another state. Do I still have to take the licensing courses?

Answer: Yes, you do. California has no reciprocity arrangement with any other state that would allow a person to waive any of the requirements for obtaining a license.
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Question: I don't have two years of real estate sales experience. Can I substitute education or experience in a related field?

Answer: If you lack two years' full-time experience in real estate sales, you may be allowed to take the broker's exam if the Bureau of Real Estate determines that you have other education or experience that is a satisfactory substitute. Examples of such education or experience that may qualify include:

  • a four-year degree from an accredited college or university, provided the course of study to obtain your degree includes a major or minor in real estate;
  • two years' experience as an escrow officer, title officer, or loan officer in a capacity directly related to financing or conveying of real property;
  • two years' experience as a subdivider, contractor, or speculative builder, in a position with comprehensive duties relating to the purchase, finance, development, and sale or lease of real property; or
  • two years' experience as a real property appraiser.

Keep in mind that only the experience requirement is waived; the coursework requirement still applies.

In addition, a member of the California State bar is exempt from the education and experience requirements. A member of any other state bar may be exempt from the requirements as long as three semester or four quarter unit college-level courses in Real Estate Finance and Real Estate Appraisal are completed.
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Question: How do I apply for a waiver?

Answer: Submit CalBRE form RE 227 (Equivalent Experience Verification) along with broker exam application and fee. Include any certifications, letters, transcripts, or other documentation supporting your position.

If the Bureau of Real Estate finds that you are not qualified to take the exam, you will be notified in writing and will have two years from the date of application to complete the qualifications and take the exam.
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Question: Don't I need to be fingerprinted?

Answer: Yes. To be issued a real estate license, you must submit your fingerprints to the CalBRE. You may have your fingerprints taken and submit them to the CalBRE as soon as you apply to take the real estate exam-it isn't necessary to wait until you've passed the exam.

Click here for information about getting fingerprinted and submitting your fingerprints to the CalBRE.
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Registering for the State Exam

Question: How do I register for the broker's exam?

Answer: To register for the broker's exam, you need to prove you have completed the required courses using transcripts or course completion certificates.

You may register by mail or fax. It isn't possible to register for the exam by telephone.

You'll need to submit the following:

  • transcripts or course certificates for the required courses;
  • proof that the experience requirement has been satisfied (CalBRE form RE 226, CalBRE form RE 227, diplomas, transcripts, etc.);
  • the examination fee; and
  • if paying by credit card or debit card, CalBRE form RE 298.

If you're registering by mail, the examination fee can be paid by credit card or debit card, or with a check, cashier's check, or money order made payable to the Bureau of Real Estate.
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Question: Where do I send my application?

Answer: To register by mail, send the required forms and payment to:

Bureau of Real Estate Examination Section P.O. Box 137001 Sacramento, CA 95818-7001

To register by fax, send the required forms and payment to (916) 227-0925.

The CalBRE cautions that applicants should make sure they do not submit their application more than once. Duplication could delay the application process, and you could be charged twice (with no refund).
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Question: Can I pay the examination fee by credit card? Debit card? Check?

Answer: If you're registering by mail or fax, you may pay by credit card or debit card as long as you include CalBRE form RE 298 with your application. If you're registering by mail, you also have the option of paying by check, cashier's check, or money order, made payable to the Bureau of Real Estate.
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Question: When and where are the examinations given?

Answer: The examination sites are in the following cities:

  • Fresno
  • Los Angeles
  • Oakland
  • Sacramento
  • San Diego

You can check the availability of particular dates and times at the different exam sites on the CalBRE's website (www.dre.ca.gov). When you register, you may specify the site you prefer and the earliest date you can take the exam, and the CalBRE will assign you a date and location. Alternatively, you may choose your date and location using the eLicensing system on the CalBRE website.
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Question: When do I find out my examination date?

Answer: Once you have been qualified to take the exam, the CalBRE will notify you by mail. If you specified a preferred date and location in your exam application, this notice will contain your exam date and time and the address of your exam site. If you have not received this notice within six weeks after mailing or faxing your application, you can go to the CalBRE website (www.dre.ca.gov) and use the eLicensing system to find out your exam date. If your exam has not been scheduled, call the CalBRE Examination Section at (916) 227-0900.
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Question: What if I can't take the exam on the date that is assigned?

Answer: If the assigned date is unsuitable, you may apply for another exam date either online (using the eLicensing system at www.dre.ca.gov) or by completing and returning the reschedule request form that will be sent to you with the notice of your examination date. A rescheduling fee will apply. Any subsequent reschedulings will require a fee as well.

As mentioned above, you can access a calendar of upcoming scheduled examination dates at the Bureau of Real Estate's website, www.dre.ca.gov. However, because slots are filled on a rolling basis, you aren't guaranteed to get the particular date that you request.
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Question: What if an emergency occurs and I'm not able to request a reschedule in time?

Answer: The same procedure applies. If you do not take the examination on the date scheduled, you may still return the reschedule form (or reschedule online using the eLicensing system) and pay the reschedule fee in order to receive a new examination date.
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The Examination Itself

Question: What should I bring to the exam site?

Answer: You will need to bring:

  • the notice of your exam date and location that you receive in the mail, and
  • a signature-bearing photo I.D. (for example, a driver's license or passport).

In addition, you should bring a calculator. You may use a scientific or financial calculator, but you may not use a calculator that makes any noise, is programmable, or has a print capacity or an alphabetic keypad. You may not use a PDA.

If you bring a cell phone to the examination, it must be turned off and placed out of sight once you enter the exam room. You may not use a cell phone during the exam, and your examination may be terminated if your cell phone rings during the exam. Do not bring books, notes, or other study materials to the exam; you won't be allowed to consult them during the exam. Also, backpacks, briefcases, and suitcases are not allowed in the exam room.
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Question: How will the exam be administered?

Answer: The exam is given in a four-option multiple-choice format. Exams conducted in Los Angeles, Sacramento, and San Diego are currently offered in pencil and paper format; exams conducted in Fresno and Oakland are currently offered in an electronic format. (Exam formats may be subject to change.)

Points are not deducted for answering incorrectly, so it is best to answer every question, even if your answer is a complete guess.
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Question: How many questions are on the exam? What percentage do I have to get right?

Answer: There are 200 questions on the exam. A broker candidate has to score 75% on the exam to pass. This means that you must answer at least 150 questions correctly.
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Question: How long do I have to take the exam?

Answer: You will have five hours to complete the exam. It is administered in two parts: a 2½-hour session in the morning and a 2½-hour session in the afternoon. Each session has 100 questions.
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Question: What subjects are tested on the exam?

Answer: Here is a summary of the subjects tested on the exam, and the approximate percentage of the exam that they comprise:

  • Property Ownership and Land Use Controls and Regulations (15% of exam) (Types of ownership, encumbrances, and public restrictions on land)
  • Laws of Agency and Fiduciary Duries (17% of exam) (Creation and termination of agency, agent responsibilities, agency disclosure)
  • Property Valuation and Financial Analysis (14% of exam) (Methods of appraising property, factors that affect value)
  • Financing Real Estate (9% of exam) (Mortgage instruments, types of loans, sources of financing)
  • Transfer of Property (8% of exam) (Methods of alienation, title insurance, escrow)
  • Practice of Real Estate and Disclosures (25% of exam) (State laws and regulations, civil rights laws, transfer disclosure statement)
  • Contracts (12% of exam) (Contract law, listing agreements, purchase contracts, leases)

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Question: Are there a lot of math problems on the exam?

Answer: No. On most exams, you can expect to see seven to nine math questions. You can miss every math question and still easily pass the exam, so long as you have mastered the definitions and legal concepts associated with real estate.

If you've had trouble with the math questions while preparing for the exam, when you take the exam it may be advisable to skip over the math questions and then return to them after you've finished the rest of the questions. (But don't forget to come back to them!) Don't spend too much of your time and energy on the math questions, since they are such a small portion of the exam.
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Question: How long will it take to get my examination results?

Answer: If you take a pencil and paper exam, the results will be mailed to you within five business days after the examination. Exam results are also available through the eLicensing system on the Bureau of Real Estate website, www.dre.ca.gov. Or you can get your results by calling the CalBRE's automated system at (916) 227-0899, but the CalBRE asks that you wait at least five business days before calling.

If you take an electronic exam, the results are provided to you upon completion of the exam.

If you pass the exam, you will not receive your actual score, only a notification that you have passed. You will also receive the necessary forms to apply for your broker's license.

If you fail the exam, you will be notified of the actual score. You will also be notified of the percentage of questions answered correctly in each of the subject areas.
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What Next?

Question: What happens after I pass the exam?

Answer: The CalBRE will send you the paperwork necessary to complete your license application.
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Question: How long are my exam results valid?

Answer: You have one year after the date of your exam to submit the license application, the fee, and the other required documents, or you'll have to take the exam again.
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Question: What happens if I fail the exam?

Answer: If you're notified that you failed the exam, you may apply for re-examination. Use your Examination Result Notice or the online eLicensing system at the CalBRE website to apply for a new exam date. (You cannot apply for re-examination until after you've been notified that you failed.) Keep in mind that depending on available exam dates for your location, it could be a few weeks or months before you can take the exam again.

You will have to pay a new examination fee of $95 to take the exam again.
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Question: How many times may I retake the exam, if necessary?

Answer: In the first two years after you apply to take the exam, you may retake it an unlimited number of times if you fail. After two years, you'll need to submit a new application to take the exam; at that point, you will again be able to take it an unlimited number of times.
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Where to Turn for Additional Information

More information is available at the Bureau of Real Estate's website, www.dre.ca.gov. You can also call (916) 227-0931 for more information.




California Real Estate Continuing Education FAQ

Have questions about your California real estate license renewal & continuing education? Check Rockwell's list of frequently asked questions (FAQ):


Question: How often is a California real estate agent required to renew his or her license?

Answer: A California real estate salesperson or broker's license must be renewed every four years, or it will expire. The license can be renewed as early as 90 days before its expiration date. (The expiration date is listed on the license.)
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Question: What if I miss the renewal deadline?

Answer: If a real estate license is not renewed by the expiration date, the license expires and the agent is no longer authorized to engage in any activities for which a license is required. However, late renewal is allowed within two years of the expiration date. (Exception: Late renewal is not allowed for a conditional license that was suspended for failure to meet the 18-month conditional license requirements.)
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Question: What are the requirements for on-time license renewal?

Answer: A real estate license can be renewed online, through the Bureau of Real Estate's website, or by mail. To renew, the agent must submit:

  • a completed renewal application form (for a salesperson, CalBRE form RE 209; for a broker, RE 208);
  • a completed continuing education course verification form (CalBRE form RE 251);
  • the appropriate renewal fee; and
  • if paying by credit card, CalBRE form RE 909.

Note that course attendance certificates for continuing education courses should NOT be submitted with the renewal application.

If you are a resident alien with temporary status, you will have to submit proof of legal presence in the U.S. along with your license renewal application (see the CalBRE website for more information). This is generally not required as part of the license renewal process for U.S. citizens or permanent resident aliens.

The renewal fee can be paid by check, cashier's check, money order, or credit card. A check or money order should be made payable to the Bureau of Real Estate. As noted above, if you're paying by credit card, CalBRE form RE 909 must be submitted with the other documents.
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Question: What are the requirements for late renewal?

Answer: Late renewal requires submission of all of the same documents as on-time renewal, but the fee for late renewal is higher than the regular renewal fee. If the completed documents and the late renewal fee are not received by the CalBRE within two years after the date the license expired, all license rights are lost. (To become licensed again, the former licensee would have to meet all of the requirements for an original license application, including passing the state licensing exam again.)
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Question: What are the continuing education requirements for a real estate salesperson?

Answer: You must complete the following courses in order to renew your license for the first time:

  • Five separate three-hour BRE-approved continuing education courses in Ethics, Agency, Trust Fund Handling, Fair Housing, and Risk Management;
  • A minimum of 18 clock hours of consumer protection courses; and
  • The remaining clock hours required to complete the 45 hours of continuing education may be either consumer service or consumer protection courses.

For each subsequent renewal, the agent is required to complete 45 clock hours of BRE-approved continuing education courses. These hours must include:

  • Either 18 hours of continuing education courses in the following subjects: Ethics, Agency, Trust Fund Handling, Fair Housing, Risk Management, and Management and Supervision OR one eight-hour survey course that covers the five mandatory subjects (Ethics, Agency, Trust Fund Handling, Fair Housing, Risk Management, and Management and Supervision);
  • At least 18 clock hours of consumer protection courses; and
  • The remaining clock hours required to complete the 45 hours of continuing education may be related to either consumer service or consumer protection courses.

All courses used for license renewal must have been taken within the four-year period immediately preceding the effective date of renewal. (The effective date of renewal is ordinarily the day after the license expiration date.)
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Question: What are the continuing education requirements for a real estate broker?

Answer: Before renewing a broker's license for the first time, the broker must complete 45 clock hours of BRE-approved continuing education courses. These hours must include:

  • Six separate three-hour courses in Ethics, Agency, Trust Fund Handling, Fair Housing, Risk Management, and Management and Supervision;
  • a minimum of 18 hours of consumer protection courses; and
  • the remaining 15 hours in either consumer service or consumer protection courses.

For each subsequent renewal, a broker must meet the same continuing education requirements as a salesperson (see above).

All courses used for license renewal must have been taken within the four-year period immediately preceding the effective date of renewal. (The effective date of renewal is ordinarily the day after the license expiration date.)
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Question: Does continuing education course credit expire?

Answer: Yes. Continuing education credit expires four years after the course was taken. If a license is renewed on time, the continuing education courses used for the renewal must have been taken within the four-year period immediately preceding the effective date of renewal. (The effective date of renewal is ordinarily the day after the license expiration date.) If a license is renewed late, the continuing education courses must have been taken within the four-year period immediately preceding the date the renewal application is received by the CalBRE.
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Question: Is anyone exempt from continuing education requirements?

Answer: A licensee 70 years old or older is not required to fulfill the continuing education requirements if he or she has been a real estate licensee in good standing for at least 30 years. The licensee must submit proof that he or she qualifies for this exemption to the CalBRE.
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General Online Course FAQ


Question: I've just purchased an online course; how do I get started?

Answer: Simply log in to your Rockwell account and click the course title to begin. Our online courses are presented much like a slideshow; simply click the “forward” button to proceed through the course. Don't forget to watch for "pop-up" sample questions (in certain courses), and complete all the quizzes and exams. If you have any questions, we're available to help!
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Question: Why are books being shipped if I ordered only an online course?

Answer: Some of our online courses include a free textbook for use as a study supplement. Many students find a textbook to be helpful because it can be used for highlighting or note-taking. You are not required to use the textbook when taking an online course.
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Question: Should I read the book first before logging into the online course?

Answer: The textbooks that come with online courses are supplemental learning materials. You do not need to read the book first; instead, if you find it helpful, you can follow along in the book as you proceed through the online course. Be aware that only the time you spend logged on to the online course is counted toward your clock hours requirement. The system has no way to track the time you spend reading the book.
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Question: Does it matter what course I start with?

Answer: If you're taking multiple online courses at the same time, it generally does not matter which one you complete first. However, for Washington Broker's License students, we recommend that you begin with Washington Real Estate Fundamentals first, then move on to Washington Real Estate Practices.
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Question: Do I have to be logged in during certain times of the day?

Answer: One of the advantages of online learning is that you can complete the course at your own pace, on your own schedule. It does not matter what time of day you study. Be aware that, on occasion, system maintenance is performed on our servers very early in the morning, usually on Sundays. You cannot be online during this time, but you are always warned well in advance, and the downtime is typically less than 5 minutes. Watch for warning messages on your Welcome Page that will alert you to upcoming maintenance times.
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